Hypofractionated RT Noninferior for Localized Prostate Cancer
By: Jason Hoffman, PharmD, RPh
(Cancer Therapy Advisor)
Hypofractionated radiotherapy at a dose of 60 Gy in fractions is non-inferior to conventional radiotherapy using 74 Gy in 37 fractions for the treatment of patients with localized prostate cancer after 5 years' follow-up, a study published in the journal The Lancet Oncology has shown.1
Because prostate cancer might have high radiation-fraction sensitivity that gives a therapeutic advantage to hypofractionated therapy, researchers compared the efficacy and safety of conventional radiotherapy with hypofractionated therapy.
For this phase 3 CHHiP trial, investigators enrolled 3216 patients from 71 centers; each patient enrolled had localized prostate cancer. Participants were randomly assigned 1:1:1 to conventional (74 Gy administered in 37 fractions over 7.4 weeks) or 1 of 2 hypofractionated schedules (60 Gy in 20 fractions over 4 weeks or 57 Gy in 19 fractions over 3.8 weeks). All approaches were delivered with intensity-modulated techniques; most patients received 3 to 6 months of neoadjuvant and concurrent androgen suppression.
At a median follow-up of 62.4 months, the 5-year biochemical or clinical failure-free rate was 88.3% (95% CI, 86.0-90.2) in the 74 Gy group, 90.6% (95% CI, 88.5-92.3) in the 60 Gy group, and 85.9% (95% CI, 83.4-88.0) in the 57 Gy group.
Researchers found that 60 Gy was non-inferior to 74 Gy (hazard ratio, 0.84; 90% CI, 0.68-1.03; P = .0018), though 57 Gy was not non-inferior to 74 Gy (hazard ratio, 1.20; 90% CI, 0.99-1.46; P = .48).
Long-term adverse events were similar between the hypofractionated radiotherapy arms and the conventional group. Investigators did not observe a significant difference in the cumulative incidence of adverse events within 5 years of treatment.